What is protein synthesis?
Protein synthesis sounds like one of those scary science topics that we want to avoid at all costs but its actually not that complicated, in this article I will do my best to explain what protein synthesis exactly is and how it works. Protein synthesis is a process that can allow for the synthesis of specific types of proteins by individual cells. The deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as well as the ribonucleic acid (RNA) are involved in this process, which is initiated by the nucleus of a cell. What essentially happens is that during protein synthesis, the amino acids find themselves arranged through an extensive interaction between the variety of enzymes and the DNA within the cell of the body. Without getting too into the science behind it, there are many different processes that happen during protein synthesis, like transcription and translation.
Why is protein synthesis important to the human body?
Protein synthesis results in the creation of new proteins, which are build by individual cells. If protein synthesis did not happen in your body, the cells in your body would cease to function properly, which would cause serious problems. The DNA found in every cell within the body has instructions on how to create proteins, so each cell knows how to build specific proteins, isn’t that awesome?!
Protein synthesis is a vital aspect of your body as it controls the key to the metabolism of your body. Without proteins for an extended period of time, your body will start malfunctioning. As you already know, protein is very important for your body to function properly, proteins have to be constantly created to keep you body healthy. Without proteins in your body, you would get seriously sick and it can cause death if not treated right away. For example, if you do not have the necessary proteins in your body, that will weaken your immune system so your body will have trouble fighting even the weakest bacteria, so you can imagine how important protein synthesis is for the body.
So, this basic two-step process in order to generate proteins within the body is a vital necessity for the survival of any living organism. By simply unwinding certain sections of the deoxyribonucleic acid, the cells will be able to read and synthesize the message which is consistent of a single strand of RNA or ribonucleic acid. It will then leave the nucleus and result in the formation of amino acids, which leads to the synthesizing of proteins.
Since the creation of mankind, we are heavily reliant upon proteins, be it from external or internal sources. Some of the structural proteins that we find in our body are collagen fibers, elastin, as well as Keratin. Keratin is found in hair and nails and collagen fibers are an integral part of any muscle, ligament or tendon in your body.
If you are totally lost at this point and have no idea what is going on, here is an image that shows how protein synthesis works.
I am not a science teacher so I am not going to pretend like I know all the details about this subject, which is why I have added a link to Wikipedia for you to read and learn more about protein synthesis.Read more